A Department of Transportation (DOT) physical is a health examination required by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) to ensure that professional drivers are physically, mentally, and emotionally fit to operate a commercial vehicle.
What happens during a DOT Physical?
Your certified medical examiner will check your vital signs and perform a thorough examination, evaluating several health-related categories, such as:
- Back and Spine
- Mouth and Throat
- Eyes and Ears
- Lungs and Chest
- Nervous System
When the physical is concluded, the examiner will report the results to the National Registry of Certified Examiners (NRCME). Certified drivers will receive a copy of the medical examiner’s certificate (MEC) or DOT medical card.
How to prepare for a DOT Physical
The DOT Physical should take approximately 45 minutes. Please bring all necessary documents to your appointment; these include:
- A valid driver’s license
- List of current medications
- List of past surgeries and medical conditions
- List of any allergies
If the driver has any pre-existing conditions requiring additional paperwork, please bring that information with you. Examples of documentation include a copy of a stress test or echocardiogram for those with medical exemptions for vision, hearing, or seizure disorder.
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